BetConstruct names Hoffmann as VBet marketing chief

first_img Tags: Online Gambling iGaming solutions provider BetConstruct has appointed Viktor Hoffmann, former CEO of Marathonbet, as global marketing director for its B2C brand VBet.Hoffmann joins BetConstruct having most recently served as chief marketing officer at Addison Global, the operator behind MoPlay.Prior to this, he spent 18 months as chief executive at online betting operator Marathonbet and also had a spell at igaming services provider Panserve, first as head of product and development, and then chief product officer.Earlier in his career, Hoffmann had just over two years working in William Hill’s customer relationship management team, and also spent two-and-a-half years as client services manager at Bwin.Hoffmann’s first senior role in the gaming industry was at GTECH, where he was key account manager for the GTECH Interactive division.“We will revive and reintroduce this distinctive, reputable and trusted brand to the masses and bring innovative new experiences and outstanding value to customers globally,” Hoffmann said.“We have a great story to tell, fantastic strategic partnerships to announce and we will leverage the full backing of the entire BetConstruct portfolio.”Vigen Badalyan, founder and CEO of BetConstruct, added: “I am delighted Viktor will join our family and apply his formidable experience and energy to take VBET on the next stage of growth.“Our B2C brand is where it all began for us and now we are ready to come full circle and welcome everyone to enjoy their game with VBET.”The appointment comes after BetConstruct in April agreed to launch a new premium fantasy sports experience in the US, through a partnership with Atlantis Gaming Corporation and the Pro Football Hall of Fame.  iGaming solutions provider BetConstruct has appointed Viktor Hoffmann, former CEO of Marathonbet, as global marketing director for its B2C brand VBet. 7th June 2019 | By contenteditor AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to FacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitter Subscribe to the iGaming newsletter People Topics: People Sports betting Strategy Companies: BetConstruct BetConstruct names Hoffmann as VBet marketing chief Email Addresslast_img read more

Casino growth props up Danish market in Q2

first_img Casino growth props up Danish market in Q2 Email Address Regions: Europe Nordics Denmark 30th August 2019 | By Daniel O’Boyle Revenue from Denmark’s regulated online gaming market increased 6.1% year-on-year to DKK1.73bn (£210.2m/€232.0m/$256.1m) in the second quarter of 2019, with mobile growing in prominence and online casino’s contribution close to overtaking sports betting revenue. Revenue from Denmark’s regulated online gaming market increased 6.1% year-on-year to DKK1.73bn (£210.2m/€232.0m/$256.1m) in the second quarter of 2019, with mobile growing in prominence and online casino’s contribution close to overtaking sports betting revenue.For the three months to 30 June, total revenue increased from DKK 1.63bn to DKK 1.73bn, thanks to an 18% increase in online casino revenue, from DKK 537m to DKK 634m. Of that online casino revenue, 71.9% came from slots, 11.6% from roulette and 8.6% from blackjack.Sports betting revenue, meanwhile, fell from DKK 648m in Q2 of 2018 ⁠— which included the latter stages of the 2018 FIFA World Cup ⁠— to DKK 635m.Land-based slot revenue increased from DKK 354m to DKK 363m, with 29.6% from machines located in restaurants and 70.4% from gaming halls. Land-based casino revenue was up 6.5% year-on-year to DKK 98m.Mobile revenue exceeded 50% of the total revenue for the first time, at 50.27%, in the three-month period. Land-based operations accounted for 33.4% of revenue, while the contribution from desktop play fell to 16.35%.For the six months to 30 June, gaming market revenue increased 5.4% year-on-year to DKK3.34bn.The largest contributor to Danish gambling revenue during the period was sports betting, bringing in DKK 1.25bn, up 3.6% from the previous year.Online casino revenue, meanwhile, increased from DKK 1.06bn to DKK 1.19 bn, a 12.4% increase. Slot machine income increased slightly from DKK 713m to DKK 714bn, while land-based casino revenue declined from DKK 184m to DKK 181m.49.5% of first half revenue came from mobile gaming, while 17.26% came from computers and 33.28% of revenues were from land-based casinos.Of the country’s online casino revenue, 71.7% — DKK 759m — came from online slots, while 10.9% came from roulette and 8.6% came from blackjack.For slot machines, 74.06% of revenue came from slots located in arcades, while the remaining 24.94% came from slots in restaurants. Topics: Casino & games Finance Sports betting Tags: Mobile Online Gambling AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to FacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitter Subscribe to the iGaming newsletter Casino & gameslast_img read more

Random memorable tries of 2007

first_imgFriday Feb 8, 2008 Random memorable tries of 2007 There were plenty of quality tries scored last year around the world of rugby. From the Super14 to the Guiness Premiership, and from International games to the Heineken Cup, we were treated with some truly memorable moments that, for me anyway, are worth watching more than once.So it’s with that thought in mind that we’ve brought you this small compilation of some of the more memorable tries from 2007. Some of them you may have seen before, but I’m sure there’s at least one in there that will bring memories of where you were at the exact moment when you enjoyed the try for the first time. ADVERTISEMENT Posted By: rugbydump Share Send Thanks Sorry there has been an error Related Articles 81 WEEKS AGO scottish prop saves fire victim 84 WEEKS AGO New Rugby X tournament insane 112 WEEKS AGO Vunipola stands by his comments supporting… From the WebThis Video Will Soon Be Banned. Watch Before It’s DeletedSecrets RevealedYou Won’t Believe What the World’s Most Beautiful Girl Looks Like TodayNueeyDoctors Stunned: This Removes Wrinkles Like Crazy! (Try Tonight)Smart Life Reports30+ Everyday Items With A Secret Hidden PurposeNueey10 Types of Women You Should Never MarryNueeyUrologists Stunned: Forget the Blue Pill, This “Fixes” Your EDSmart Life ReportsThe content you see here is paid for by the advertiser or content provider whose link you click on, and is recommended to you by Revcontent. As the leading platform for native advertising and content recommendation, Revcontent uses interest based targeting to select content that we think will be of particular interest to you. We encourage you to view your opt out options in Revcontent’s Privacy PolicyWant your content to appear on sites like this?Increase Your Engagement Now!Want to report this publisher’s content as misinformation?Submit a ReportGot it, thanks!Remove Content Link?Please choose a reason below:Fake NewsMisleadingNot InterestedOffensiveRepetitiveSubmitCancel ADVERTISEMENT Trending 1 WEEK AGO HUGE controversy sees Borthwick call Pat Lam a liar during heated Prem clash 5 DAYS AGO Melbourne Rebels do their best to wreck Bryn Gatland 4 DAYS AGO Lam’s explanation of bizarre situation that caused heated touchline argument 5 DAYS AGO François Steyn’s ridiculous 60-metre drop goal which left commentators in hysterics 5 DAYS AGO The time Waisale Serevi used his iconic hitch-kick to carve up Scotland in 2000 Great Tries 5 DAYS AGO Eye-opening compilation shows why Taulupe Faletau could harm Springboks this Summer 5 DAYS AGO The time Waisale Serevi used his iconic hitch-kick to carve up Scotland in 2000 1 WEEK AGO Veainu finishes superb try after octopus style offload from Waisea 2 WEEKS AGO FULL MATCH REPLAY: Huge stars on show when All Blacks host Pacific Island XV in 2004 2 WEEKS AGO WATCH: Hooker produces ridiculous speed to score 60-metre wonder try for Hurricanes View All Big Hits & Dirty Play 1 DAY AGO Awesome new Etzebeth montage will have Springboks fans psyched for Summer Lions tour 5 DAYS AGO Melbourne Rebels do their best to wreck Bryn Gatland 5 DAYS AGO Eye-opening compilation shows why Taulupe Faletau could harm Springboks this Summer 5 DAYS AGO Re-live O’Driscoll’s EPIC try-saving tackle in 2003 RWC quarter-final 1 WEEK AGO AWESOME video shows the very biggest and best tackles of the 2020/21 season View All See It To Believe It 4 DAYS AGO Cheetah racer Habana reveals what was actually going through his mind that day 4 DAYS AGO Lam’s explanation of bizarre situation that caused heated touchline argument 5 DAYS AGO François Steyn’s ridiculous 60-metre drop goal which left commentators in hysterics 5 DAYS AGO Re-live O’Driscoll’s EPIC try-saving tackle in 2003 RWC quarter-final 1 WEEK AGO HUGE controversy sees Borthwick call Pat Lam a liar during heated Prem clash View All Funnies 2 WEEKS AGO Joe Marler elated in special interview as fans return to The Stoop 2 WEEKS AGO WATCH: One of the luckiest and most bizarre tries you will EVER see 2 WEEKS AGO WATCH: Reds players caught out in hilarious celebration blooper vs Chiefs 2 WEEKS AGO WATCH: Faz, Piutau and Burns star in hilarious try fail compilation 4 WEEKS AGO MLR: Giltinis howler sees try overruled despite attempts to celebrate View All Amateur 32 WEEKS AGO Viral video of Scottish club brawl goes down a storm with rugby community 69 WEEKS AGO RUGBYDUMP BLITZ: This Best of the Week round up is sure to entertain you 69 WEEKS AGO RD BLITZ – Disaster, just when it looked so promising… 69 WEEKS AGO That glorious moment that will live on forever, like it or not 69 WEEKS AGO RD Blitz – PROP’S Lionel Messi wizardy creates incredible try View All Player Features 16 WEEKS AGO WATCH: Bumping off tacklers and taking high balls, Rob Kearney had an impressive Super Rugby debut 21 WEEKS AGO Brian Moore on money in modern rugby and how it should never be compared to ‘outlier’ football 22 WEEKS AGO Tuisova’s wrecking ball montage will make you grateful you never made it as a pro 28 WEEKS AGO New Zealand rugby pod admit Owen Farrell is world class 29 WEEKS AGO WATCH: Bath prop launches Amazon documentary focused on those from non-traditional backgrounds View All Related Content from the RugbyPass Network ‘What you do today is how you’re going to be remembered’: Spirit of Rugby – Ep 5 In Spirit of Rugby episode 5, Jim Hamilton talks Lions with Matt Dawson, Jeremy Guscott, Rob Kearney, Simon Shaw, Tom Croft and John Bentley. Watch: Reforging the Steelers | Episode 2 | RugbyPass Original Documentary In Episode 2 of Reforging the Steelers, we follow the team through rounds two to four as they try to get their season on track after an opening loss to competition powerhouses Tasman. ‘I’d pent-up frustration, a lot I probably didn’t realise’: Marcus Watson’s emotional Wasps return Set to turn 30 later this month, Marcus Watson had an early birthday present last weekend when he finally made it back into the Wasps XV. Gavin Coombes grabs four tries as Munster easy to victory over Zebre Gavin Coombes scored four tries at Zebre as Munster secured second place in the northern section of the Guinness PRO14 Rainbow Cup. Leinster finish with Rainbow flourish as fans attend RDS for first time in 16 months Retiring duo Scott Fardy and Michael Bent bowed out on a winning note as Leinster finished the Rainbow Cup with a victory over Dragons. Final round of the Gallagher Premiership hit by a second match cancellation The final round of the Premiership lost the Worcester-Gloucester match on Tuesday and now Bristol versus London Irish is off. Random memorable tries of 2007 | RugbyDump – Rugby News & Videos RugbyDump Home RugbyDump Academy Store About Contact Legal Privacy Policy Cookie Policy Categories Latest Great Tries Big Hits & Dirty Play See It To Believe It Funnies Training Videos Player Features RugbyDump Home RugbyDump Academy Store About Contact Sitemap Categories Latest Great Tries Big Hits & Dirty Play See It To Believe It Funnies Training Videos Player Features Legal Privacy Policy Cookie Policy Sign In Username or Email Password Stay logged in Forgot password Thank you for registering Click here to login Register Register now for RugbyDump commenting & enewsletter. * Required fields. Username * Password * Email * Password Repeat * Please send me news, information and special offers from RugbyDump By clicking register you agree to our Privacy Policylast_img read more

Harlequins and Bath play out a classic last ten minutes

first_imgFriday Oct 9, 2009 Harlequins and Bath play out a classic last ten minutes Harlequins and Bath, the two clubs who shared most of the preseason bad press, met at the Twickenham Stoop in the Guinness Premiership last weekend. Most of the match was uninspiring, but the last ten minutes had everyone on the edge of their seats. We try to cover all the stories, scores, and incidents on Rugbydump, as well as show clips from the matches. At times its difficult to avoid spoilers, so in this case, if youd rather watch the vid without knowing what happened, stop reading now. Neither side could break the other as two Nicky Little penalties to one from Nick Evans put the visitors up by 6-3. Evans later tied the scores with six minutes left, before centre Shontayne Hape crossed for the try that looked to have won it. Despite relentless pressure and repeated infringements with time up, it looked as though Bath were going to hang on. Deep into injury time Nick Easter barged over for the winning try that the video referee had decided was fairly scored. Nick Evans slotted the conversion, and Quins got their first win of the season, much to the delight of their players. 13-11 it ended. Quins coach John Kingston hailed their resolve after they snatched the late win. “I wonder what their emotions were, seeing the chances we created but didn’t take then we allowed them a soft try. Yet they displayed a wonderful never-say-die spirit,” he said. Time: 10:45 ADVERTISEMENT Posted By: rugbydump Share Send Thanks Sorry there has been an error See it to Believe it Related Articles 25 WEEKS AGO WATCH: Experts explain what actually happens… 26 WEEKS AGO WATCH: Leigh Halfpenny makes yet another… 26 WEEKS AGO Parisse alley-oop magic sets up brilliant… From the WebThis Video Will Soon Be Banned. Watch Before It’s DeletedSecrets RevealedDoctors Stunned: This Removes Wrinkles Like Crazy! (Try Tonight)Smart Life ReportsIf You Have Ringing Ears Do This Immediately (Ends Tinnitus)Healthier LivingHere’s the Purpose of These Little Bumps in the F and J Keys on Your KeyboardNueeyYou Won’t Believe What the World’s Most Beautiful Girl Looks Like TodayNueey10 Types of Women You Should Never MarryNueeyThe content you see here is paid for by the advertiser or content provider whose link you click on, and is recommended to you by Revcontent. As the leading platform for native advertising and content recommendation, Revcontent uses interest based targeting to select content that we think will be of particular interest to you. We encourage you to view your opt out options in Revcontent’s Privacy PolicyWant your content to appear on sites like this?Increase Your Engagement Now!Want to report this publisher’s content as misinformation?Submit a ReportGot it, thanks!Remove Content Link?Please choose a reason below:Fake NewsMisleadingNot InterestedOffensiveRepetitiveSubmitCancel ADVERTISEMENT Trending 6 DAYS AGO HUGE controversy sees Borthwick call Pat Lam a liar during heated Prem clash 5 DAYS AGO Melbourne Rebels do their best to wreck Bryn Gatland 4 DAYS AGO Lam’s explanation of bizarre situation that caused heated touchline argument 5 DAYS AGO François Steyn’s ridiculous 60-metre drop goal which left commentators in hysterics 5 DAYS AGO The time Waisale Serevi used his iconic hitch-kick to carve up Scotland in 2000 Great Tries 5 DAYS AGO Eye-opening compilation shows why Taulupe Faletau could harm Springboks this Summer 5 DAYS AGO The time Waisale Serevi used his iconic hitch-kick to carve up Scotland in 2000 1 WEEK AGO Veainu finishes superb try after octopus style offload from Waisea 2 WEEKS AGO FULL MATCH REPLAY: Huge stars on show when All Blacks host Pacific Island XV in 2004 2 WEEKS AGO WATCH: Hooker produces ridiculous speed to score 60-metre wonder try for Hurricanes View All Big Hits & Dirty Play 23 HOURS AGO Awesome new Etzebeth montage will have Springboks fans psyched for Summer Lions tour 5 DAYS AGO Melbourne Rebels do their best to wreck Bryn Gatland 5 DAYS AGO Eye-opening compilation shows why Taulupe Faletau could harm Springboks this Summer 5 DAYS AGO Re-live O’Driscoll’s EPIC try-saving tackle in 2003 RWC quarter-final 1 WEEK AGO AWESOME video shows the very biggest and best tackles of the 2020/21 season View All See It To Believe It 4 DAYS AGO Cheetah racer Habana reveals what was actually going through his mind that day 4 DAYS AGO Lam’s explanation of bizarre situation that caused heated touchline argument 5 DAYS AGO François Steyn’s ridiculous 60-metre drop goal which left commentators in hysterics 5 DAYS AGO Re-live O’Driscoll’s EPIC try-saving tackle in 2003 RWC quarter-final 6 DAYS AGO HUGE controversy sees Borthwick call Pat Lam a liar during heated Prem clash View All Funnies 2 WEEKS AGO Joe Marler elated in special interview as fans return to The Stoop 2 WEEKS AGO WATCH: One of the luckiest and most bizarre tries you will EVER see 2 WEEKS AGO WATCH: Reds players caught out in hilarious celebration blooper vs Chiefs 2 WEEKS AGO WATCH: Faz, Piutau and Burns star in hilarious try fail compilation 4 WEEKS AGO MLR: Giltinis howler sees try overruled despite attempts to celebrate View All Amateur 32 WEEKS AGO Viral video of Scottish club brawl goes down a storm with rugby community 69 WEEKS AGO RUGBYDUMP BLITZ: This Best of the Week round up is sure to entertain you 69 WEEKS AGO RD BLITZ – Disaster, just when it looked so promising… 69 WEEKS AGO That glorious moment that will live on forever, like it or not 69 WEEKS AGO RD Blitz – PROP’S Lionel Messi wizardy creates incredible try View All Player Features 16 WEEKS AGO WATCH: Bumping off tacklers and taking high balls, Rob Kearney had an impressive Super Rugby debut 21 WEEKS AGO Brian Moore on money in modern rugby and how it should never be compared to ‘outlier’ football 22 WEEKS AGO Tuisova’s wrecking ball montage will make you grateful you never made it as a pro 28 WEEKS AGO New Zealand rugby pod admit Owen Farrell is world class 29 WEEKS AGO WATCH: Bath prop launches Amazon documentary focused on those from non-traditional backgrounds View All Related Content from the RugbyPass Network ‘What you do today is how you’re going to be remembered’: Spirit of Rugby – Ep 5 In Spirit of Rugby episode 5, Jim Hamilton talks Lions with Matt Dawson, Jeremy Guscott, Rob Kearney, Simon Shaw, Tom Croft and John Bentley. Watch: Reforging the Steelers | Episode 2 | RugbyPass Original Documentary In Episode 2 of Reforging the Steelers, we follow the team through rounds two to four as they try to get their season on track after an opening loss to competition powerhouses Tasman. Crusaders player ratings vs Rebels | Super Rugby Trans-Tasman Which Crusaders stood out in their 26-point win over the Rebels in the final round of Super Rugby Trans-Tasman? Shock result: Crusaders left to rue costly errors with win over Rebels not enough for final guarantee In a shock result, the Crusaders have failed to record the requisite winning margin needed over the Rebels to book themselves a spot in the Super Rugby Trans-Tasman final and are now reliant on the Blues dropping the ball against the Force. ‘I deliberately haven’t mentioned it too much this week’: Tim Sampson keeping mum ahead of Blues battle The Western Force aim to play the role of party poopers on Saturday when they take on the ladder-leading Blues at a venue that shall not be named. Highlanders player ratings vs Brumbies | Super Rugby Trans-Tasman The Highlanders have given themselves a decent shout at playing in the Super Rugby Trans-Tasman final. Who were the top dogs in what was effectively a semi-final showdown with the Brumbies? Harlequins and Bath play out a classic last ten minutes | RugbyDump – Rugby News & Videos RugbyDump Home RugbyDump Academy Store About Contact Legal Privacy Policy Cookie Policy Categories Latest Great Tries Big Hits & Dirty Play See It To Believe It Funnies Training Videos Player Features RugbyDump Home RugbyDump Academy Store About Contact Sitemap Categories Latest Great Tries Big Hits & Dirty Play See It To Believe It Funnies Training Videos Player Features Legal Privacy Policy Cookie Policy Sign In Username or Email Password Stay logged in Forgot password Thank you for registering Click here to login Register Register now for RugbyDump commenting & enewsletter. * Required fields. Username * Password * Email * Password Repeat * Please send me news, information and special offers from RugbyDump By clicking register you agree to our Privacy Policylast_img read more

Beast Mtawarira open handed slap earns him ten minutes in the cooler

first_imgWednesday Jul 13, 2016 Beast Mtawarira open handed slap earns him ten minutes in the cooler The Sharks beat the Cheetahs 26-10 in Durban on Saturday night, taking a step towards the Super Rugby playoffs, but had to contend with being a man down for ten minutes after skipper Tendai Mtawarira was yellow carded early on in the first half.In what was a typically physical game between the two South African sides, prop Maks van Dyk was warned after just five minutes for an altercation in which he sparked a small scuffle.Around 10 minutes later, after a scrum, he got under the skin of the man known as the Beast, who then lashed out with an open-handed slap.After the game he admitted his wrongdoings, but still hinted that Van Dyk instigated it.“They were in our faces. I should have kept my cool in the beginning there, but that’s the game of rugby sometimes. Cheap shots come and then you’ve got to deal with them,” said Mtawarira.The Springbok loosehead will be rested for the Sharks match against the Sunwolves this coming weekend, as the coaching staff feel he needs a complete break following a tough few months.Super Rugby Round 16 HighlightsView more slaps in the Related Posts below the videoADVERTISEMENT Posted By: rugbydump Share Send Thanks Sorry there has been an error Big Hits & Dirty Play Related Articles 25 WEEKS AGO Suspensions handed down after testicle grabbing… 26 WEEKS AGO The ‘double ruffle’ splits opinion with fans… 26 WEEKS AGO WATCH: The nastiest and most brutal moments… From the WebThis Video Will Soon Be Banned. Watch Before It’s DeletedSecrets RevealedUrologists Stunned: Forget the Blue Pill, This “Fixes” Your EDSmart Life ReportsYou Won’t Believe What the World’s Most Beautiful Girl Looks Like TodayNueeyWrinkle Remedy Stuns TV Judges: Forget Surgery, Do This Once DailySmart Life ReportsIf You Have Ringing Ears Do This Immediately (Ends Tinnitus)Healthier Living10 Types of Women You Should Never MarryNueeyThe content you see here is paid for by the advertiser or content provider whose link you click on, and is recommended to you by Revcontent. As the leading platform for native advertising and content recommendation, Revcontent uses interest based targeting to select content that we think will be of particular interest to you. We encourage you to view your opt out options in Revcontent’s Privacy PolicyWant your content to appear on sites like this?Increase Your Engagement Now!Want to report this publisher’s content as misinformation?Submit a ReportGot it, thanks!Remove Content Link?Please choose a reason below:Fake NewsMisleadingNot InterestedOffensiveRepetitiveSubmitCancellast_img read more

skinnySCAR / Gwendolyn Huisman and Marijn Boterman

first_imgArchDaily CopyHouses•Rotterdam, The Netherlands Manufacturers: Daas baksteenEngineering:Faas & Van Iterson, BREED Integrated Design, 
Ontwerpburo Van der VlugtContractor:H&B bouw
Urban Masterplan:SCARchitecture by JagerJanssen 
City:RotterdamCountry:The NetherlandsMore SpecsLess SpecsSave this picture!© Ossip van DuivenbodeRecommended ProductsDoorsLinvisibileLinvisibile Curved Hinged Door | AlbaDoorsLonghiDoor – HeadlineWoodParklex International S.L.Wood cladding – FacadeDoorsECLISSESliding Pocket Door – ECLISSE LuceText description provided by the architects. The skinnySCAR project shows how forgotten empty spaces in the city can be used. Each city has neglected spaces that can be upgraded to complete the urban fabric, while creating possibilities for new forms of urban living for the adventurous ones. As young architects, Gwendolyn Huisman and Marijn Boterman saw the potential and challenge of a narrow gap with extreme proportions in an old Rotterdam neighborhood. In 2012 they started the process to buy the plot that was not for sale, and recently finished the entire interior themselves.Save this picture!Courtesy of Gwendolyn Huisman and Marijn BotermanSave this picture!AxonometricSave this picture!Courtesy of Gwendolyn Huisman and Marijn BotermanThe extreme proportions of the plot, only 3.4 meters wide and 20 meters deep, result in a stacked open typology while it was a constructional challenge. Being this narrow and long in relation to the height, a massive foundation and load bearing structure were needed. Hence an elegant solution of two parallel reinforced concrete slabs was introduced in the interior of the house. This way the openings in the facades were not limited by the constructive constraints. In order to create tranquil living spaces, the architects have clustered all supporting functions that a dwelling needs, as well as these concrete slabs and installations, in two vertical volumes in the center of the house. These volumes are detached from the side walls to emphasize the 13 meter deep interior and create unexpected vistas in all directions between the different spaces. The staircase is designed in such way that it enhances these spacial qualities. The architectural concepts stresses a natural division of living spaces that merge together without harsh boundaries, where the spaces are always connected horizontally and vertically. By placing the volumes and staircase near the center of the house, intimate living spaces appear towards the public street and collective courtyard garden. The living spaces are moderate in size and feel intimate, without feeling to oppressive due to the architectural vistas and fluidity of spaces.  Save this picture!Ground Floor PlanSave this picture!Floor Plan 01Save this picture!Floor Plan 02The organization of living spaces reflects their use throughout the day. On the ground floor is a spacious entrance area and an open kitchen, connected to the collective courtyard garden through high folding doors. The living room and library, mainly used in the evenings, are on the first floor and look out over the lush garden and public street. A void in the living room connects the living spaces on the ground floor and first level, and is used as a hammock with views over the garden and sky. The deep bay window of the library extends over the public street and is dimensioned to be used as a place to sit and read, and detailed in such a way to frame the urban fabric. The most private part of the house, the bedrooms and bathroom, are positioned on the top floor. A skylight above the bathtub gives views over passing clouds and birds, and brings natural day light into the darker zone of the house. Save this picture!Courtesy of Gwendolyn Huisman and Marijn BotermanSave this picture!Courtesy of Gwendolyn Huisman and Marijn BotermanThe materials that are used in the interior are simple and natural. They bring warmth to the interior without dominating the perception. The two vertical volumes are clad in pine plywood that the architect couple could construct themselves, and the rough in site cast concrete floors are not finished on the ceiling side in order to reveal the construction method. Rust stains on the concrete ceiling are a remembrance of the wet season in which they were cast. Save this picture!© Vincent van DordrechtThe black masonry facades are adapted to their orientation: it opens up to the garden with a two storey high glass front and panoramic windows, while it remains more private towards the public street. The Brazilian masonry bond functions as a veil that plays with light and shadows of the sun’s rays. They only show the hidden windows towards the street at night when the rooms light up. The bay windows with a minimum of details connect the interior towards the public life, where the inhabitants can sit and watch people passing by. The street facade is detailed and materialized in such a way, that it builds on the surrounding urban fabric of the late 19th/early 20th century. The modern house has its own identity with modern details, but still highlights the history of the small gap in the urban context. The project transforms a conventional and traditional way of living and is fitted to their inhabitants as a custom-made suit. Photographs:  Ossip van Duivenbode, Vincent van Dordrecht Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project Area:  140 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project CopyAbout this officeGwendolyn Huisman and Marijn BotermanOfficeFollowProductConcrete#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesRotterdamRotterdamThe NetherlandsPublished on February 20, 2017Cite: “skinnySCAR / Gwendolyn Huisman and Marijn Boterman” 20 Feb 2017. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021. ISSN 0719-8884Browse the CatalogPanels / Prefabricated AssembliesTechnowoodGRP Siding Façade SystemPlasticsMitrexSolar SidingMetal PanelsAurubisCopper Alloy: Nordic RoyalSystems / Prefabricated PanelsKalwall®Translucent WalkwaysPanels / Prefabricated AssembliesIsland Exterior FabricatorsSpecialty Facade SystemsLightsLouis PoulsenLamps – LP Slim BoxWoodBruagAcoustic Panels with LEDTiles / Mosaic / GresiteHisbalitMosaic Tiles – Palm SpringsMineral / Organic PaintsKEIMBlack Concrete – Concretal®-BlackSuspension SystemsMetawellAluminum Panels for Smart CeilingsDoorsGorter HatchesFloor Door – Fire RatedBricksDEPPEWaterstruck Bricks – 1622/1635ekws DFMore products »Save世界上最受欢迎的建筑网站现已推出你的母语版本!想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?是否翻译成中文现有为你所在地区特制的网站?想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?Take me there »✖You’ve started following your first account!Did you know?You’ll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my stream Projects “COPY” ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/805561/skinnyscar-gwendolyn-huisman-and-marijn-boterman Clipboard The Netherlands Architects: Gwendolyn Huisman and Marijn Boterman Area Area of this architecture project Year:  ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/805561/skinnyscar-gwendolyn-huisman-and-marijn-boterman Clipboard 2017 Houses Save this picture!Courtesy of Gwendolyn Huisman and Marijn Boterman+ 37 Share “COPY” Project gallerySee allShow lessRAAAF is Breaking Habits With a Vision of a Home Without ChairsArchitecture NewsTransforma Art Studios / Pedro Gadanho + CVDB arquitectosSelected Projects Share skinnySCAR / Gwendolyn Huisman and Marijn BotermanSave this projectSaveskinnySCAR / Gwendolyn Huisman and Marijn Boterman Photographs skinnySCAR / Gwendolyn Huisman and Marijn Botermanlast_img read more

Wall Street’s worst crisis since ’08

first_imgThis edited talk was given at a March 12 Workers World Party branch meeting in New York City.Toni Arenstein and Larry Holmes at Int’l Working Women’s Day rally, March 8, NYC.It is entirely possible that we are at the beginning of what could be the most serious and consequential economic and political world crisis that our party and the working class have ever faced. I underscore possible. There is no way to state emphatically that is the case. But the potential magnitude of what is happening with the economy and its intersection with COVID-19 is unprecedented, extraordinary and historical.We are in “uncharted waters,” but they shouldn’t be so uncharted for revolutionary Marxists who have any grasp of theory, because in many ways we saw this coming and should have prepared for it. Our movement, even the vanguard, has been ideologically weak and has not prepared for it; it thinks things are going along the same way they’ve been going.Everyone should read comrade Deirdre Griswold’s excellent March 10 article in Workers World newspaper, “Did COVID-19 cause the Wall Street crash?” at workers.org. It’s required reading for every member and person who takes our party seriously because there is a lot of discussion about these events in the bourgeois media and all over the internet, including on Facebook. The ruling class is divided but has its own line.We will be searching for clarity on the political significance of what’s going on and what it means for the class struggle. Revolutionaries and progressive people have a serious interest in doing so. If we don’t, there will be a lot of confusion, which can only benefit the capitalist ruling class. There is danger in a number of aspects of this crisis, particularly this one.Imperialist rivalry hampers COVID-19 responseThe main thing on everyone’s mind is the coronavirus and its enormous impact on society. There is fear. Measures are being taken on a personal level or at a governmental level — or on a world level — which is how they should be coordinated. But capitalism as a system is anathema to that because the imperialists can’t coordinate because they are fighting and competing with each other. This is part of the anarchy and bankruptcy of world capitalism and imperialism. This will become clearer.What may become the main aspect about the coronavirus is that the government is closing things down. No assemblies larger than 500 people are allowed in New York. We know what our governors and mayors are saying.I want to concentrate on the economic crisis. This virus is an enormous catalyst which has had a huge impact on the global economy for many reasons. It’s not the underlying reason for the financial collapse on Wall Street, but it is the catalyst. It‘s as if the system was waiting for something — a war, political development, bank failing or a country going into debt — to unravel. This system with massive overproduction is just waiting to unravel.The financial system has been on life support since 2008 when the big financial crisis happened. The central banks and the ruling classes around the world were so frightened by the prospect of a collapse of the entire capitalist economy that they all have agreed to do everything, including taking trillions of dollars of the workers’ money and pumping it into the financial markets. But that’s a phony remedy, and it’s running out of steam now.Panic over Wall Street collapseThe New York Stock Exchange had to halt trading earlier on March 12 in the financial markets because the major markets fell more than 7 percent. It’s the second time they’ve done this within a few days. That’s when the Federal Reserve Bank had an emergency meeting and released a statement saying they were going to pump $1.5 trillion starting tomorrow into the markets. That didn’t stop the collapse.But the Federal Reserve Bank had other things in mind. They’re in touch with all the central bankers, the CEOs of JPMorgan Chase, Citibank, the Bank of America and Christine Legarde, president of the European Central Bank. They are in a panic and trying to prevent a worldwide crash of the markets, of the capitalist economy.Bankruptcy doesn’t just happen in small- and medium-sized companies, but it happens in big multinational companies and banks fail. Banks are supposed to be “solvent,” but that is not true. That’s just on the surface. In reality, there is so much debt in the financial market that everything associated with it is swimming in debt. It’s hidden. But we’re going to see it now, more so than ever, perhaps even more than we saw it 12 years ago during the 2008 financial crisis.We will hear the word “recession.” The capitalists have been trying to run away from that, to avoid it. They may say Europe is going into a recession; maybe the developing countries are going into it, but not the U.S. They will predict a recession.That word isn’t severe enough. I think we’re potentially going into a countrywide, worldwide crisis that can’t be defined properly by the word recession. It’s coming at the end stage of historic capitalist development. There has to be a better, more accurate and truthful definition of what is happening. It may well be the biggest crisis the world has ever seen. Again, that is a preliminary thought that needs to be supported by developments.They’ve got another problem: The world imperialist ruling classes were cooperating 12 year ago. During the oil crisis, the central banks, prime ministers and presidents were all cooperating. But we know Trump is about letting the U.S. go it alone. Whether the banks will find a level of cooperation — or whether the financial establishment will demand the imperialist governments cooperate more — is part of the political struggle.It is the U.S. that is competing with every country, not just China. That’s a new development. It’s not just Trump; he represents a section of the ruling class that says cooperation has been okay for the 80 years since we won the second imperialist war. It did some good, but it’s not helping us now.Ruling class strife = war on workers and oppressedSo the capitalists say, “Let’s take off the gloves.” This struggle is going on within the ruling class. Trump represents one part of the ruling class, as opposed to those who want to support the imperialists’ global institutions and cooperate more. This means we can expect an escalation of the war on the workers and the oppressed.We have been fighting around issues such as Medicare for All and cancelling student loans — and on the issue of growing inequality, which has always been there, but has never been greater. Today, those developments have radicalized workers, particularly young workers, but not just them. With this new economic crisis, it’s likely mass layoffs will come, more austerity, more homelessness and more people starving. People who live paycheck to paycheck and don’t have $500 in case of an economic emergency are being pushed off a cliff. There will be more and more of that on a global basis. We will pay a lot of attention to this — and rightfully so.Working-class demands for health care and paid sick leave will come out of the coronavirus crisis. We’re going to fight around their issues — against evictions, against workers losing their homes and for health care. If we can, we will have demonstrations around the health crisis.As revolutionary Marxists, we are not just interested in theory. We are interested in putting theory into practice. And ultimately we’re interested in revolution. While it may not be the case now, this kind of worldwide development can and will create a revolutionary crisis.Opening for global class struggleThis crisis will create an opportunity for workers and oppressed people in the same way that it did in the 1930s around the world, in Europe and here. It’s good to be reminded of that. While history doesn’t repeat itself 100 percent — and today there are different developments and everything is bigger — there’s an aspect of it that will repeat itself in some of the political crises that will develop for the working class and revolutionaries in the working-class movement who are trying to lead it out of capitalism toward revolution.They may be the same issues that faced the socialist and communist parties, the revolutionary movement and the entire working class during that incredible, historic period 80 years ago.I’m optimistic that as revolutionaries we will find a way to minimize insignificant differences and small-thinking sectarianism and whatever other obstacles there are to the kind of unity and revolutionary vision required for the future — for taking the road to revolution. I’m optimistic we’ll get there, but I am sober about it as well and apprehensive because the working-class movement is weak ideologically and organizationally.We have not been preparing for this, and I’m not just speaking about our party. There will be a learning curve within the revolutionary movement. We will be trying to catch up to meet the level of the global crisis. It will take a very serious and determined effort on the part of everyone in the world movement who is serious and determined.So I leave you with the main thing we can talk about — what’s happening in the financial markets and in other aspects of the economy which are affecting our co-workers, family members and neighbors. That’s very important because that’s how a revolutionary organization orients itself. For us as serious revolutionaries, it’s the key question.Will the working class, its organizations and the political movement be able to meet the challenge? What will they have to do? How will they have to change in order to rise to the occasion?FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thislast_img read more

African HIV, cancer link discovered

first_imgA University of Georgia scientist has discovered a connection between HIV incidence in Sub-Saharan Africa countries and the amount of corn people consume there. While studying the role diet plays in infectious diseases, Tim Williams, an agronomist with the UGA College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, discovered that in nations where corn is a major part of diets the number of HIV infections is higher. His findings were published in the May issue of the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. U.S. Agency of International Development funded the work.Contaminated corn linked to cancer, tooUsing data from the World Health Organization and the Food and Agriculture Organization, Williams also found a link between eating toxin-prone crops and the number of liver and esophageal cancer cases. He found that HIV and esophageal cancer deaths were significantly related to corn, or maize, consumption. In contrast, liver cancer deaths decreased with less maize consumption, perhaps because HIV dominated the anticipated consequences of the toxins that promote liver cancers.“Good quality corn is unlikely to be the reason for this HIV-maize connection,” said Williams, a third-generation African who now directs the Peanut Collaborative Research Support Program on the UGA campus in Griffin, Ga.“Contamination of their corn is believed to make Africans more vulnerable to infection,” he said. Two toxins attack cornCorn is prone to two toxins, fumonisin and aflatoxin, which can attack crops in the field or during storage. In the U.S., corn, peanut and other susceptible crops are inspected and tested for such toxins.But in developing countries where people rely on these crops as primary food sources, proper testing to protect people from consuming contaminated crops is often skipped until acute poisoning results in deaths. “In developing countries like those in Africa, a farmer may have a few bags of grain, and to use a significant amount to test for toxins is a high cost to assure quality. And then, by the time it’s analyzed, the farmer has sold the grain, and it’s been eaten,” Williams said.Aflatoxins can cause a deficiency in protein, vitamins and minerals and suppress immunity, he said. Fumonisins are a group of mycotoxins found most often in corn.“The discovery that fumonisin may be promoting HIV came as a surprise, but there is some evidence that this toxin increases the porosity of membranes which would increase the risk of becoming infected,” Williams said.Ten-year studyFor the past 10 years, Williams has lead a multi-university research effort studying how food toxins associated with cancers can also cause susceptibility to infectious diseases. “I first thought I’d find a solution to liver cancer in the developing countries,” he said. “Liver cancer kills a significant number of people in Africa, but the cancer aspect was soon replaced in priority by the other effects on health associated with nutrition and immunotoxicity.” If the theory is right, improving corn quality in Sub-Saharan Africa could significantly reduce HIV transmissions in the region, he said. Toxins can be removedAnd doing it may be relatively easy. Fumonisin can be removed from foods in a number simple ways, he said. Addressing the aflatoxin issue is also technically simple, but requires people to think outside the present regulatory box. Williams’ team hopes to manage the toxin by adding a very cheap binding agent to protect consumers from being poisoned by their food rather than depending on more expensive testing methods. “By addressing aflatoxin differently, we should be able to reduce all infectious diseases, and improve general nutrition,” he said. “Existing interventions work with difficulty in Africa, and they are more of a burden to the people.”Farm techniques are preventative measuresControlling insects, adding fertilizer, harvesting correctly and irrigating corn are all prevention methods used at the farm level. Storing crops in a cool, dry area helps, too, he said. Most of these steps are costly for small farmers and not easily applied in developing countries. More research is needed to form a proper intervention strategy. “It’s taken us 10 years to get this far, and when you start doing large-scale human trials, you need of a lot of funding,” he said. “Since the effects are usually deferred, or manifest in other illnesses, little attention has been paid to contamination, until now.”last_img read more

Connecticut selects Vineyard Wind to build 804MW Park City offshore wind project

first_imgConnecticut selects Vineyard Wind to build 804MW Park City offshore wind project FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享Greentech Media:Connecticut on Thursday selected Vineyard Wind’s 804-megawatt Park City project as the winner in a major offshore wind solicitation, setting up the seaport city of Bridgeport to become a significant hub for the emerging U.S. market. Connecticut regulators said Vineyard won with a price “lower than any other publicly announced offshore wind project in North America.” The exact price was not disclosed.Vineyard Wind, which competed against rival development groups backed by Ørsted and Shell, will now begin negotiating a final contract with Connecticut’s two electric utilities. The project is due for completion in 2025.On a conference call with journalists, Vineyard Wind CEO Lars Thaaning Pedersen declined to put an exact price tag on the project, but he noted that Vineyard’s similarly sized project in Massachusetts will cost around $3 billion.Vineyard’s win adds another huge project to the pipeline underway in Eastern U.S. waters, where state offshore wind targets have rapidly grown to exceed 20 gigawatts. Vineyard, owned by Avangrid and Copenhagen Infrastructure Partners, won the first major U.S. offshore wind solicitation last year in Massachusetts, an 800-megawatt project sited south of Martha’s Vineyard.That was followed this year by a quartet of solicitations in New Jersey, New York, a second one in Massachusetts, and now Connecticut — handing projects to a list of developers that includes Ørsted, Equinor and Mayflower Wind (a joint venture of Shell New Energies and EDP Renewables). In Virginia, meanwhile, utility Dominion Energy plans to build a 2.6-gigawatt offshore wind project, due for completion in 2026.When it comes online in 2025, the Park City project is expected to generate the equivalent of 14 percent of Connecticut’s total electricity supply. That figure rises to 19 percent when previous offshore wind contracts the state has signed with Ørsted are added in. [Karl-Erik Stromsta]More: Vineyard wins as Connecticut chooses 804MW offshore wind projectlast_img read more

The Big Ride

first_imgSingletrack can only go so far: Riders cross the New River in southwest Virginia during the inaugural Virginia Mountain Bike ride. Photo courtesy of Shenandoah Mountain TouringThe 500-mile Virginia Mountain Bike Trail is poised to be the South’s sweetest stretch of singletrack.Virginia’s diagonal ridge of mountains boast a quarter of the Appalachian Trail and half of the Blue Ridge Parkway. Now, a new project is taking shape in the Virginia highlands that could eventually rival the A.T. and the Parkway.A decade ago, Chris Scott saw the growing interest in long distance mountain bike trails like the Colorado Trail, Arizona Trail, and Continental Divide Trail in the West and got an idea. Scott and his partners were already leading multi-day cross country biking tours in George Washington National Forest and directing the Shenandoah Mountain 100 through their company, Shenandoah Mountain Tours, so they decided to take it to the next level.“For the past, pretty much 15 years, we’ve just been trying to link stuff together,” Scott said. “We just kept piling trails on top of the 100-miler to go bigger, see more, and ride deeper into the wilderness.”So began the ambitious project to create the Virginia Mountain Bike Trail (VBMT), a continuous 480-mile trail traversing the state from north to south. This region of the Blue Ridge is already well established as a premier mountain biking destination, but Scott was looking for something more.“We just knew that Virginia had so much amazing stuff to offer. We wanted to create our own epic dream,” he said.“My wife and I rode cross country in 1997, and we tried to do it mostly off road,” said Richard Edwards, a full time trail solution manager with the International Mountain Biking Association. “The first leg of our journey was from Washington, D.C. down to south of Douthat [State Park] and back up through West Virginia. After riding to Moab, we realized probably the best off-road riding we did was right there in Virginia.”Edwards got involved in the initial stages of the VMBT long before joining IMBA. He is just one of the many locals involved in the conceptual realization of the long distance route.“Virginia always seemed like it would be the epicenter for where a long distance mountain bike trail on the East Coast could start, largely because we have such a long extended section of public lands that has really good opportunities for piecing together a mountain bike route using existing trails, existing dirt roads and low use paved roads,” he said.Currently, the IMBA does not have any direct involvement with the route, but over the years, they have provided non-funded support for the VMBT by assisting in networking and planning. The core of the actual trail work is being done by volunteers from various biking communities and clubs.Like the A.T., the VMBT was created by linking a patchwork of eight existing trails systems, mostly on public land in the George Washington and Jefferson National Forests to complete the route. These include well-known trails like the Shenandoah Mountain Trail, Mill Mountain Trail, and the Iron Mountain Trail near Damascus. The trick was linking them all together into one continuous ribbon of singletrack.The Virginia Mountain Bike Trail from Summit Publishing on Vimeo.“Over the last five years, we’ve started looking more specifically at what would be the best connectors, the best flow for riding from north to south,” Scott explained. “Last summer we put the few last pieces together.”After an initial multi-day trip on the northern portion of the trail in 2010 with pro rider Jeremiah Bishop and pro coach Tim Johnston, the fall of 2011 marked the first attempt at riding the entire length of the trail. The group rode it over a period of four days, climbing a combined 65,000 feet in the process.While the trip was deemed a success, the VMBT has a long way to go and faces many challenges ahead, the first being the nature of the trail itself. It passes through some of the most rugged and challenging in the state, especially on a mountain bike. When dealing with almost 500 miles of trail, keeping the trail clean and navigable is a tough task, especially given the remoteness of some of the sections. Scott says the biggest challenge is trail maintenance.“Just getting out there to maintain it is difficult. Then you have to get the brush cut back and the trail cleared, which takes a lot of time and effort.”Scott has enlisted the help of volunteers from organizations like the Shenandoah Valley Bicycle Coalition, Mid Atlantic Off Road Enthusiasts, and more to assist in the bulk of trail maintenance and preservation. Local mountain biking clubs are also instrumental in raising awareness of the project, which in turn helps gain more support.“They are getting more people interested in the route so we have more people out there maintaining it, because most of the trails are underutilized and overgrown,” said Scott. “That’s been the hardest challenge: getting them passable.”Riders on the Virginia Mountain Bike TrailThe U.S. Forest Service has the final say on trail decisions because almost the entire trail cuts through their lands, but they appear to be on board with the project. Budget cuts have made it near impossible for the Forest Service to continue upholding all the trail under their jurisdiction. They now rely heavily on volunteers to assist in the basic trail maintenance of the trails along the VMBT route. This seems to be a win-win for both parties.“The Forest Service personnel in this region were pretty excited about it,” said Scott, who has been working with the USFS throughout. “They are glad to see people out there adventuring and maintaining the trails they are underfunded to do themselves. They like when people help out and take pride in what they take pride in.”The final vision of the trail includes a hut-to-hut system, much like shelters on the A.T., but until then, camping is basically the only option. A growing interest in the sport of bike-packing has led to amazing innovations in ultra light bike racks and frame bags, but a trip of this magnitude will tax even the fittest rider.“One crux is that the trails get a little challenging when trying to carry all that gear,” Scott said. “There’s only a few spots where there is not a Forest Service campground in a very convenient location. The route lays itself out very well to use established campgrounds with bathrooms, showers, and tent spots.”Scott envisions connecting the Virginia Mountain Bike Trail with neighbors north and south, and says he and his contacts up and down the East Coast have the intention and ambition to pull it off.“If we create this amazing Virginia trail, we could take it north to Maryland and Pennsylvania and south into North Carolina and Tennessee, and all the way down into Georgia,” he said.The VMBT is not recognized by the U.S. Forest Service as an official trail—not yet, at least. It will take many more hours of trail work and infrastructure to accomplish that goal, but as counter-intuitive as it sounds, the extreme distance envisioned in the final product may actually help the process along, according to Edwards.“It resonates with other user communities in a way that traditional loop trails don’t,” he says. “The established hiking communities and land managers grasp the concept and the value of a long distance, multi-day trail and often times give it a higher social value than a small loop trail.”But is there a market for a mountain bike trail that rivals the A.T. in length, and would people actually ride it? The growth of ultra-endurance versions of all outdoor recreation, from cycling to trail running to kayaking and multi-sport adventure racing certainly suggests so. It is not too hard to imagine riders young and old packing up their bikes for rite of passage on the Great Eastern Mountain Bike Trail just as hikers have been doing on the A.T. for decades.“It seems to strike a chord within the mountain biking community, much like the Appalachian Trail,” adds Edwards. “Every hiker knows the Appalachian Trail. Even though the vast majority of hikers will never thru-hike the A.T., it’s something that lives in their mind and in their dreams. They know it’s possible to walk from one end of the Appalachians to the other.”Just as hikers section hike the A.T., Scott and Edwards can see bikers using this trail in a variety of capacities. Section riding is one option, as is creating a system of spoke trails connecting hubs of trail systems so one could spend a couple days exploring a contained system of trails before moving down the spoke to the next hub. The applications seem to be endless, but there is still a lot of work to do to get there. Scott will be taking his second annual thru-ride next month, and success will only encourage the route’s expansion.“Hopefully once we get the Virginia Trail established as a prominent East Coast bicycle singletrack route, it will get legs and become like the Great Divide Trail out West,” he said. “That’s the dream.”Volunteers are always needed to assist in maintaining portions of the Virginia Mountain Bike Trail. Visit www.mtntouring.com. •Here is an amazing video on the Virginia Mountain Bike Trail, put together by Scott Wootten of Shenandoah Bicycle CompanyVirginia Mountain Bike Trail from Scott Wootten on Vimeo.MORE LONG DISTANCE BIKE TRAILSGreat Divide Mountain Bike RouteThe GDMBR follows the Continental Divide as closely as possible from Banff, Alberta, Canada to Antelope Wells, New Mexico. This is a distance of about 2,745 miles, although the route is in constant flux and not well posted. Ninety percent of the route is on unpaved roads and trails with over 200,000 feet of elevation change along the way, making weather and supply access the biggest hurdles in any attempted thru-ride—that and bear attacks. Two races take place every year to test the mettle of riders: the Tour Divide Race follows the entire route, while the Great Divide Race follows only that portion in the U.S.Continental Divide TrailThe Continental Divide Trail traces the continental divide through the Rockies from Canada to Mexico. The National Scenic Trail passes through Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, Colorado, and New Mexico, rising as high as 14,000 feet and falling no lower than 3,900 feet. Along with the Appalachian Trail and the Pacific Crest Trail, it forms one third of the Triple Crown of long distance hiking in the US.Colorado TrailThe Colorado Trail runs east to west across the state from Denver to Durango, covering 486 miles, about half of which is shared with the Continental Divide Trail. Mountain bikers are permitted on most of the trail, although not on the portions that travel through wilderness areas. The trail rises above tree line in several spots and runs through six mountain ranges.Arizona TrailCompleted in 2011, the Arizona National Scenic trail runs north from the Mexico border through Arizona to its northern border with Utah. The trail passes through a wide variety of landscapes and ecosystems on its 800-mile route, from the deserts of the south to the San Francisco Peaks of the North. The Arizona Trail also passes the Grand Canyon, making it one of the most diverse trails in the U.S.last_img read more